DW AngolaCommunity Management and the Demand for ‘Water for All’ in Angola’s Musseques

Community Management and the Demand for ‘Water for All’ in Angola’s Musseques


The Angolan State’s post-war center-piece reconstruction program, to provide the human
right to ‘Water to All’, remains incomplete. The majority of Angola’s peri-urban communities still
use the informal market to fill the gap. Water selling is the largest sub-sector of Luanda’s extensive
informal economy, involving extractors, transporters and retailers. Negotiating for water at the local
household level involves significant trading in social capital. Communities in Angola’s musseques
have built on neighborhood solidarity to manage the supply of water themselves. The article is
drawn from the authors’ experience in practice to examine the complexity of Angola’s informal
water economy and local-level innovative responses. The Government has drawn on these lessons
and adopted the community management model MoGeCA (the Portuguese language acronym for
Model of Community Water Management)to help address the shortfall. The article is written from
a practitioner’s point of view, based on more than a decade of experimentation in practice and support
from USAID and UNICEF in taking community management to the national scale.