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New City, new Citizens?: A Lefebvrian Exploration of State-led Housing and Political Identities in Luanda, Angola

Tuesday, 13 June, 2017

The new city of Kilamba, located about 30 kilometres South of Luanda, is an emblematic case of the oil-for-infrastructure model that characterises post-war reconstruction in Angola since 2002 (Croese 2012, Corkin 2013). Built between 2009 and 2010 by one of the major Chinese stateowned building companies, Kilamba City1 has been widely criticised for being a symbol of a development that chooses the fast-paced delivery of physical infrastructures over long-term investments in education and health care and that allows opaque multi-million dollars deals to maintain
the oligarchic regime in power (Schubert 2014, Soares de Oliveira 2015).

 

Aesthetic Dissent: Urban Redevelopment and Political Belonging in Luanda, Angola

Claudia Gastrow
Thursday, 1 June, 2017

Over the previous decade, African cities experienced a wave of frenzied construction driven by imaginations of world-city status. While these projects provoked new discussions about African urbanism, the literature on them has focused more on the paperwork of planning than actual urban experiences. This article addresses this lacuna by investigating residents' reactions to the post-conflict building boom in Luanda, Angola. I show that Luandans' held highly ambivalent orientations towards the emerging city. Their views were shaped by suspicions about pacts between Angolan elites and international capital that recapitulated longstanding tensions over national belonging. These concerns were voiced via discussions of the very aesthetics of the new city. Buildings became catalysts for expressions of dissent that put into question the very project of state-driven worlding. The paper therefore argues that the politics of aesthetics are central to grasping the contested understandings of urbanism currently emerging in various African cities.

ONDAKA Numéro 1706 2017

Thursday, 1 June, 2017

A ONG Development Workshop promoveu de 5 a 9 de Junho um seminário de capacitação de facilitadores em saneamento total liderado pelas comunidades e escolas, no município do Cachiungo província do Huambo.

Realizado com o objectivo de abordar do saneamento assumido pelas comunidades nos últimos anos ao nível internacional e regional, contou com a participação de 31 técnicos provenientes da Direcção Nacional de Águas do Huambo, Cuanza Sul e Cunene.

ONDAKA Numéro 1705 2017

Monday, 1 May, 2017

A província do Huambo acolheu o Conselho Consultivo do Ministério da Educação, realizado sob orientação do titular da pasta Pinda Simão.

Ao proferir o discurso de abertura do evento, o governador do Huambo João Baptista Kussumua disse caber a cada um dos quadros do sector a responsabilidade de contribuir, com o que sabe, no intuito de mudar o destino do país para o melhor, formando com eficiência profissionais capazes de transformar os grandes recursos naturais em riqueza, para o bem dos angolanos.

Mosaiko - Acesso à Justiça l 2016

Wednesday, 19 April, 2017

O Registo de Nascimento é corolário de outros direitos inscritos na natureza da pessoa humana, daí a sua relação com os Direitos Humanos. Ou seja, não se pode falar em registo de nascimento sem que haja uma pessoa física que tenha nascido, num determinado espaço territorial (Direito à Nacionalidade), e que tenha um nome (Direito ao Nome) dado pelos seus familiares de tal modo que, participe directamente de todos os assuntos ligados à vida pública como membro de uma sociedade (Direito à Cidadania).

Mosaiko - Acesso à Justiça l 2016

Wednesday, 19 April, 2017

Este trabalho é produto do primeiro exercício de avaliações participativas sobre o uso e acesso a mecanismos de Justiça, tanto no sector formal como no sector consuetudinário em quatro comunidades: duas comunidades periurbanas (uma em Luanda e outra em Benguela) e duas comunidades rurais na Huíla. O estudo procura mapear o impacto na vida quotidiana das pessoas de crimes como roubos, assaltos, violência doméstica contra a mulher, fuga à paternidade e abuso
sexual e descrever às experiências vividas pela população quando recorrem à Polícia, aos Tribunais, a entidades de aconselhamento ou às Autoridades Tradicionais.

ONDAKA Numéro 1704 2017

Monday, 3 April, 2017

O conserto das organizações da Sociedade Civil do Huambo promoveu um debate sobre os desafios da juventude nas eleições gerais de 2017, no passado dias 12 de Abril do ano em curso. Fizeram parte do encontro os representantes das organizações juvenis dos partidos políticos, MPLA, UNITA, PRS e CASA-CE, presidente do Conselho Província da Juventude e outros convidados.

A representante do grupo de coordenação das Organizações da Sociedade Civil, Maria de La Salette disse que o tema proposto faz parte de um conjunto de abordagens das organizações da sociedade civil do Huambo para as próximas eleições em Angola.

ONDAKA Numéro 1703 2017

Wednesday, 1 March, 2017

As mulheres de diferentes extractos sociais desfilaram no passado dia 8 de Março do ano em curso, no Pavilhão Osvaldo Serra Van-Dunén, para saudar o Dia Internacional da Mulher, em cerimónia orientada pelo vice-governador do Huambo para o Sector Político e Social Guilherme Tuluca.

Na sua intervenção o vice governador disse que o Governo está preocupado com o crescente número de mulheres que se envolvem em actos criminosos, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e drogas.

Musseques na Agenda da ONU

Thursday, 16 February, 2017

A Nova Agenda Urbana das Nações Unidas para os próximos dez anos reserva uma atenção particular aos moradores dos musseques, favelas, caniços, bairros de lata e assentamentos informais, zonas habitadas maioritariamente por pessoas de baixos rendimentos. Adoptado na III Conferência das Nações Unidas para Habitação e Desenvolvimento Urbano, realizada em Outubro de 2016, na cidade de Quito, Equador, o documento refere que o desenvolvimento sustentável pressupõe o combate às múltiplas formas de discriminação, sobretudo aquelas que atingem mulheres e meninas, crianças e jovens, pessoas com deficiência, idosos, povos autóctones e comunidades suburbanas. A ministra do Urbanismo e Habitação, Branca do Espírito Santo, chefiou a delegação angolana ao evento.

Cement Citizens: housing, Demolition and Political Belonging in Luanda, Angola

Tuesday, 14 February, 2017

Following the end of Angola’s civil war (1975–2002), the capital city, Luanda, found itself awash in dreams of becoming a ‘world-class city’. The war had been won by the ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which used its dominant position to launch a project of ‘national reconstruction’, ostensibly to repair the broken country materially and politically. In practice, reconstruction became a means of attempting to solidify the MPLA’s political control (Schubert 2015; Soares de Oliveira 2015). Drawing from the country’s oil profits,1 the MPLA-state extended its reach through infrastructure projects and the building of clinics, schools and housing. In Luanda, state and private initiatives intersected in a construction frenzy that rapidly reshaped the city centre and peripheries. New high rises, luxury condominiums and state-sponsored housing remade experiences of urban life

Angola’s Housing Rental Market

Friday, 10 February, 2017

Despite the significant demand for rented housing in Angola, it does not feature in Angola's National Urbanisation and Housing Program1. This is unsurprising as few African Governments do give rented housing the attention that it deserves. Governments tend not to recognize that rental housing exists as an important form of housing tenure and that many households rent their housing at some stage in their housing career. For political reasons home ownership is the preferred housing option. However, rented housing appears to be unavoidable while households raise the capital to buy or build their own home, or while searching for land and saving for the building of a self-build home

The Cooperative Housing Sector in Angola

Friday, 10 February, 2017

Angola’s National Urbanism and Housing Programme (PNHU) identified Cooperative Housing as one of the four key strategies adopted to meet the country’s deficit of more than one million dwelling units. The PNHU set a target for the construction of 80,000 cooperative housing units or 8% of the planned one million dwellings in the period up to 2015. Cooperative housing in Angola has roots that date back to colonial times when models were drawn from Portuguese cooperative traditions. In the post independence period after 1975, urban planning professionals returning home from training in eastern European, formerly socialist countries, brought back experience of cooperative housing models from countries where they studied or visited.

The Private Housing Sector in Angola

Friday, 10 February, 2017

The Angolan Government, in its public pronouncements, has put great store in the private sector in driving post-war development and taking the lead particularly in the housing sector. However the World Bank has shown that Angola remains one of the world’s most difficult countries to do business, particularly in the sale and transfer of property. In the 1990s Angola had the daunting task of transforming, what had been a centrally-planned post-independence economy into a more open liberalised one that would attract foreign investment. At the end of the war in 2002 the country hoped to attract international investors and know-how to rebuild its devastated infrastructure and help meet the huge social demands for housing and employment. The Angolan Government rightly identified some of the key steps that needed to be taken to attract the private sector assistance. It committed itself to the provision of fiscal incentives, a reform of the system of credit for housing and the creation of public-private partnerships. However the growth of the private sector in Angola was inhibited by several historic factors.

ONDAKA Numéro 1702 2017

Wednesday, 1 February, 2017

A província do Huambo conta agora com um novo delegado do Ministério do Interior e comandante provincial da Polícia Nacional. Trata-se do comissário Gil Famoso Sebastião da Silva em substituição do comissário Elias Dumbo Livulo.

O acto de apresentação à população foi orientado pelo ministro do Interior Ângelo da Veiga Tavares no passado dia 16 de Fevereiro do ano em curso no Pavilhão Multiuso Osvaldo Serra Van-Dúnem.

The 2015 CSO Sustainability Index For Sub-Saharan Africa

Thursday, 26 January, 2017

USAID is pleased to present the seventh edition of the CSO Sustainability Index (CSOSI) for Sub-Saharan Africa. The index describes advances and setbacks in seven key dimensions of sustainability in the civil society sector in 2015—the legal environment, organizational capacity, financial viability, advocacy, service provision, infrastructure, and public image. The reports are produced by an expert panel of CSO practitioners and researchers in each country included in this year’s index. The panels assess each dimension of CSO sustainability according to key indicators and
agree on a score, which can range from 1 (most developed) to 7 (most challenged). The scores for each dimension are averaged to produce an overall sustainability score for a given country’s CSO sector. An editorial committee composed of technical and regional experts then reviews the scores and corresponding narratives with an eye to ensuring consistent approaches and standards to allow for cross-country comparisons. The scores are grouped into three overarching categories—Sustainability Enhanced (scores from 1 to 3), Sustainability Evolving (3.1-5), and Sustainability Impeded (5.1-7)—which provide additional comparative benchmarks. Further details about the methodology used to calculate scores and produce corresponding narrative reports are provided in Annex A. The index is a useful source of information for CSOs, governments, donors, academics, and others who want to better understand and monitor key aspects of CSO sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa. It complements similar indices covering countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa, Asia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. A publication of this type would not be possible without the contributions of many individuals and organizations. We are particularly grateful to the Aga Khan Foundation, which supported the assessments of Kenya and Mali (as well as the indices for Afghanistan and Pakistan) and our implementing partners in each country, who facilitate the expert panel meetings and write the country reports. We also thank the many CSO representatives and experts, USAID partners, and international donors who participated in the expert panels in each country. Their knowledge, perceptions, ideas, and dedication are the foundation upon which this index is based.

The Financing and Affordability of Urban Services in Angola

Friday, 20 January, 2017

With the approaching rainy season in Angola and new reports of cholera, which has been held in abeyance since the epidemic of 2007, public policy makers and consumers alike look at the implementation of long-delayed urban services reforms. Paying for services has become the Government’s mantra since the financial crisis hit two years ago and they were obliged to withdraw subsidies. Civil society and consumer groups at the same time demand equitable access and affordability when asked to pay for the first time for these services.

Media Dossier on Housing January – December 2016

Monday, 16 January, 2017

The Extract of news is a service of the Documentation Center of the DW (CEDOC) located on the premises of DW in Luanda. The Center was created in January 2001 with the aim of facilitating the collection, storage, access and dissemination of information on socio-economic development of the country. Through the monitoring of projects of DW, studies, surveys and other forms of information collection, the center holds a considerable amount of documents between reports, articles, maps and books. The information is archived physically and electronically, and is available for consultation to interested entities. In addition to the collection and storage of information, the Center has the mission of disseminating information by various means. One of the main products of the Center is the extract of news. This Official monitors the national press and extract articles of interest to the readers with activities of interest in the development of the country. The official brings articles categorized into the following main groups.

Dossier de Habitação Janeiro - Dez 2016

Monday, 16 January, 2017

O Extracto de notícias é um serviço do Centro de Documentação da DW (CEDOC) situado nas instalações da DW em Luanda. O Centro foi criado em Janeiro de 2001 com o objectivo de facilitar a recolha, armazenamento, acesso e disseminação de informação sobre desenvolvimento socio-economico do País. Através da monitoria dos projectos da DW, estudos, pesquisas e outras formas de recolha de informação, o Centro armazena uma quantidade considerável de documentos entre relatórios, artigos, mapas e livros. A informação é arquivada física e eletronicamente, e está disponível para consulta para as entidades interessadas. Além da recolha e armazenamento de informação, o Centro tem a missão da disseminação de informação por vários meios. Um dos produtos principais do Centro é o Extracto de notícias. Este Jornal monitora a imprensa nacional e extrai artigos de interesse para os leitores com actividades de interesse no âmbito do desenvolvimento do País. O jornal traz artigos categorizados nos seguintes grupos principais.

Angola’s new housing finance reforms

Sunday, 15 January, 2017

The last year has seen the introduction of some long-outstanding fiscal reforms in Angola’s housing economy. The new Minister of Housing and Urban Development Ms Branca do Espírito Santo has brought some new insights from her years in senior management in the nominally-private-sector real-estate company IMOGESTIN and even earlier as director of a civil-society organization. She assumed her new post, in March 2016, as Angola entered into its second year of economic crises after the collapse of the country’s commodity prices

Urban Governance and Turning African Cities Around Luanda Case Study

Friday, 6 January, 2017

This working paper presents the findings of the study on the process that has taken place over
the past decade to turn around the city of Luanda, the capital of Angola. It is part of a broader
research project that examines the case of Luanda, alongside Johannesburg and Lagos, to
shed light on the governance practices that have started to emerge on the continent in an era
that has been marked by rapid economic growth.
Luanda has been the main beneficiary of Angola’s economic boom that started in 2002
fuelled by oil revenue. Two projects were undertaken as part of efforts to turn the city around:
the redevelopment of the Bay of Luanda and the construction of the New City of Kilamba. The
Bay of Luanda work included the redevelopment of the waterfront to create pedestrian spaces,
cycle lanes, sports fields and spaces for cultural events, while the New City of Kilamba
consisted of the construction of 710 buildings, kindergartens and schools, along with water
and electricity infrastructure.

ONDAKA Numéro 1701 2017

Monday, 2 January, 2017

A distribuição das primeiras residências na Centralidade do Lossambo, enquadradas no Programa Nacional de Urbanismo e Habitação, iniciou igualmente no ano que termina, tendo já beneficiado 300 famílias. Governador disse que mais 23 mil metros cúbicos de resíduos sólidos foram recolhidos na cidade do Huambo, numa altura em que se está a estudar os novos mecanismos de recolha de lixo, porta a porta para melhorar a imagem e saneamento da cidade. No mês de Novembro teve inicio a limpeza e desaçoriamento de mil sargetas existentes na cidade do Huambo. Até hoje existe já 42 sargetas em pleno funcionamento.

GESTÃO DA EPAL CRITICADA

Friday, 23 December, 2016

Cortes no abastecimento de água, falta de contratos de prestação de serviço, fraca aceitação dos munícipes do projecto das 700 mil ligações domiciliares, danificação das condutas constam das dificuldades registadas pelas associações de consumidores de água.

STATE-LED HOUSING DELIVERY AS AN INSTRUMENT OF DEVELOPMENTAL PATRIMONIALISM: THE CASE OF POST-WAR ANGOLA

Tuesday, 6 December, 2016

This article examines state-led housing delivery in post-war Angola as an instrument of developmental patrimonialism. It draws on a growing literature on political settlements to highlight the role of rents, informal institutions, and power arrangements in managing political stability and economic growth. In the case of post-war Angola, key forms of rent distribution take place at the level of the presidency through the centralized use of actors and institutions that emerged historically outside of the ambit of regular government structures. These involve foreign business allies and special state agencies such as the state oil company Sonangol that respond exclusively to the Angolan president. While this has kept regular state institutions weak, the approach has been successful in terms of fast-tracking public investments that are important for rent distribution to key constituencies while keeping political competition at bay. The case of a resource-rich country such as Angola provides insight into the context-specific ways in which developmental patrimonialism translates into practice and the actors, interests, and institutions driving state-led housing delivery.

ONDAKA Numéro 1612 2016

Thursday, 1 December, 2016

A emissão de 3 títulos comunitários de terra na província do Bié marcou as actividades realizadas pelo projecto de Gestão de Terra implementado pela DW em parceria com a Visão Mundial.

O responsável do projecto Moisés Festo disse que o mesmo está no seu terceiro ano de execução é tido como o ano de cumprimento para o alcance dos resultados. Para o ano de 2016 trabalhamos nas duas vertentes, rural e urbana.

ONDAKA Numéro 1611 2016

Tuesday, 1 November, 2016

O director do Gabinete de Comunicação Institucional e Imprensa da Administração municipal do Huambo, António Kaiti, disse que nos últimos anos, Angola tem vindo a revelar resultados significativos no esforço da reconstrução nacional.

Falando em prol dos 41 anos da independência que se comemorou a 11 de Novembro, disse que o Executivo quer que os elevados benefícios do crescimento da economia sejam investidos na melhoria dos indicadores sociais, na qualidade de assistência à saúde, na educação, na habitação, na redução do desemprego e na formação profissional dos angolanos.

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