DW AngolaOnline Library

Online Library

5th Interim Report - May 2015

Thursday, 4 August, 2016

The current report is the 5th six-monthly report covering the period from the first of November 2014 through to the end of April 2015. This period covers the first semester of the last planned year of the project. Most of the overall project objectives have been broadly met by the end of this reporting period but some of the specific sub-tasks have not been achieved. DW has not yet secured the counterpart funding that had been planned to be received from the UN’s Global Environment Facility to be channeled through the Angolan Ministry of Environment. The current project had been embedded in the Angolan country program submitted by the Government to GEF, but financing has not yet come through the pipeline. For this reason DW has had to cut back on the implementation of some activities. A revised work-plan is being developed to map of the “achievables” within the current project framework.

Informal settlements in urban coastal zones and adaptation to climatic variation

Thursday, 4 August, 2016

Rosa Fernandez and Jean D’Aragon’s article on slums and disaster risks, makes a strong argument that the form or morphology of these settlements has an important influence on their level of vulnerability. While the configuration of these settlements is indeed a key factor, the choice of location for housing of poor families or new migrants to the city is usually based on a complex set of economic and social choices (or possibly lack of choices). Slums are not always spontaneous and are often not the results of invasions or occupations. Many slum dwellers have purchased the land that they have built their houses on and have documents to prove it. However, rarely do these documents have the weight of legal title. Therefore slums are usually considered as illegal by government officials and town planners while the occupiers of housing in these areas may feel that they have acquired their home through legitimate market means. In most African cities the large majority of residents live in areas without legal tenure because they have no other choices. Urban planners have often not provided affordable options for the poor to acquire environmentally secure, minimally serviced and low-risk sites for housing construction.

Climate-adaptive Planning for Angola's Coastal Cities

Thursday, 4 August, 2016

In the coastal cities of Angola, the intensity and variability of climatic events such as rainstorms and floods have more than doubled over the last 60 years. For much of that period, conflict in the interior provinces was driving people to the relative safety of coastal cities – namely Cabinda, Luanda and the twin cities of Benguela/Lobito – where most settled in marginal and environmentally fragile land at the urban periphery. The growth of these settlements has resulted in the occupation of high risk, low cost land in river basins and swampy coastal locations. Cholera, malaria and other diseases are increasingly serious problems, linked to a lack of safe water and adequate sanitation. Increasing climate variability has compounded those problems, with rainfall tending to come in intense storms, causing flooding. Following floods in 2006, Luanda suffered a cholera epidemic with 35,000 cases reported.

Counting rooftops - IDRC Bulletin - April 2013

Thursday, 4 August, 2016

A longstanding IDRC grantee combines satellite observations with old-fashioned grassroots data gathering to measure the impact of Angola's rapidly growing slums on the environment. Since 2002, when decades of civil conflict ended, Angola has struggled to rebuild. Its planners are hampered, however, by a shortage of reliable data about their own country’s population and environment. During the long conflict, Angola’s cities mushroomed when the rural economy collapsed and many parts of the countryside became unsafe. An influx of poor people settled in the urban districts they could afford — that is, in slums that are vulnerable to flooding or erosion, and that lack
basic services and economic opportunities. Poverty, in other words, has a spatial aspect and a circular effect. The poor are likely to settle in environmentally sensitive areas where their presence is likely to exacerbate environmental damage, thus aggravating their poverty. If Angolan policymakers were to take effective measures to tackle urban destitution and environmental degradation, they needed a clear picture of the geographic distribution of slum dwellers and of their social and environmental circumstances.

Planeamento de Adaptação Climática das Cidades Costeiras

Thursday, 4 August, 2016

Nas cidades costeiras de Angola, a intensidade e variabilidade de eventos climáticos como tempestades e inundações mais do que duplicou ao longo dos últimos 60 anos. Para a maior parte desse período, o conflito nas províncias do interior levou as pessoas para a segurança relativa das cidades costeiras - designadamente Cabinda, Luanda e as cidades gémeas de Benguela / Lobito - onde a maioria se estabeleceu em terra marginal e ambientalmente frágil na periferia urbana. O crescimento destes assentamentos resultou na ocupação de alto risco, a terra de baixo custo em bacias hidrográficas e localidades costeiras pantanosas. A cólera, a malária e outras doenças são problemas cada vez mais graves ligados à falta de água potável e saneamento adequado. O aumento da variabilidade climática agravou esses problemas, com chuvas a transformaremse em tempestades intensas, causando inundações. Na sequência das inundações em 2006,Luanda sofreu uma epidemia de cólera com 35.000 casos relatados.

3rd Interim Report - April 2014

Wednesday, 3 August, 2016

After 27 years of civil conflict, Angola achieved peace in 2002 and only then has the country begun to address such long-term issues as adaptation to climate variability and its socioeconomic effects. Given the short length of the period in which significant meteorological and hydrological records were collected is short: 1940 to 1975 for meteorological records and 1960 to 1975 for hydrological records, very limited information is available on the vulnerability of coastal cities, on rainfall variability and trends, on river flows and on areas at risk (now and in the future). Similarly limited demographic and socio-economic information is available. The lack of such facilities and services makes it difficult for stakeholders to produce improved, even basic, information on rainfall and apply new data collection methods to contribution to the conduct of reliable research and credible knowledge production for better planning. This project was designed to narrow this gap and strengthen capacity building in the assessment of the impact climate variability on water supply and environmental risks in urban areas as a good entry point for practical adaptation planning setting grounds for de design of more medium and long term policy frameworks.

4th Interim Report - Nov 2014

Wednesday, 3 August, 2016

After 27 years of civil conflict, Angola achieved peace in 2002 and only then has the country begun to address such long-term issues as adaptation to climate variability and its socioeconomic effects. Given the short length of the period in which significant meteorological and hydrological records were collected is short: 1940 to 1975 for meteorological records and 1960 to 1975 for hydrological records, very limited information is available on the vulnerability of coastal cities, on rainfall variability and trends, on river flows and on areas at risk (now and in the future). Similarly limited demographic and socio-economic information is available. The lack of such facilities and services makes it difficult for stakeholders to produce improved, even basic, information on rainfall and apply new data collection methods to contribution to the conduct of reliable research and credible knowledge production for better planning. This project was designed to narrow this gap and strengthen capacity building in the assessment of the impact climate variability on water supply and environmental risks in urban areas as a good entry point for practical adaptation planning setting grounds for de design of more medium and long term policy frameworks.

CERF Droughts South of Angola - 4th sitrep as of 13 July 2016

Wednesday, 13 July, 2016

 

Southern Angola has been affected by recurrent cycles of droughts and floods since 2008. In 2015, 1.4m people in 7 provinces were affected by El Niño, of which about 78% resided in three provinces of southern Angola, namely Cunene (56% of the total people affected), Huila and Namibe. Agricultural and livestock losses were estimated to be about $242.5m in 2015 and 500,000 heads of livestock have died in 2015 and 2016.
This year, the National Institute of Cereals in the Ministry of Agriculture estimates a production deficit of 40%. According to the Provincial Directorates of Agriculture, food insecurity is predicted to worsen from August onward in Cunene and Huila provinces, possibly to be exacerbated by forecasted La Niña that could bring flooding. The market is experiencing severe price increases and fluctuations as a result of the increasing food scarcity. According to FAO, from May to June 2016 an estimated 1 million people remain affected and 400,000 will need food and non-food assistance in the coming months.

Development Workshop Angola: Missed Calls for Monitoring Community Water Services

GSMA
Monday, 4 July, 2016

In January 2014, DW was awarded a Seed grant by GSMA to trial VerAgua, a programme for mobile-based monitoring of community water points in the informal settlements of Huambo, Angola. These water points comprising in majority of handpumps, as well as solar-powered boreholes and taps, provide unreliable service due to breakages or unreliable supply. To address this, DW and our technology partner, SeeSaw, developed the VerAgua programme, a monitoring system to know when repairs or new infrastructure are needed, which was tested on 120 water points. Read the full GSMA report here.

“O musseque não é problema, é parte da solução”: Rede Angola Grande Entrevista com Thomaz Ramalho

Rede Angola
Monday, 4 July, 2016

O Programa das Nações Unidas para os Assentamentos Humanos (UN-Habitat) reabriu no fim de Outubro do ano passado o seu escritório no país, cuja responsabilidade ficou a cargo do arquitecto brasileiro Thomaz Ramalho. É a sua segunda temporada em Angola, onde trabalhou a partir de 2006 nos quadros do PNUD (Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento) e posteriormente também como professor universitário.

Dossier de Habitação Janeiro - Junho 2016

Development Workshop
Friday, 1 July, 2016

O Extracto de notícias é um serviço do Centro de Documentação da DW (CEDOC) situado nas instalações da DW em Luanda. Este Extracto monitora a imprensa nacional e extrai artigos de interesse para os leitores com actividades de interesse no âmbito do desenvolvimento do País.

Housing Dossier January - June 2016

Development Workshop
Friday, 1 July, 2016

The Media Extract is a service of the Documentation Center of the DW (CEDOC) located on the premises of DW in Luanda. This Media Extract monitors the national press and extract articles of interest to the readers with activities of interest in the development of the country.

Alternatives to African Commodity-backed Urbanisation: the Case of China in Angola

Allan Cain
Wednesday, 8 June, 2016

"Alternatives to African Commodity-backed Urbanisation: the Case of China in Angola", a paper presented by DW director Allan Cain at the Annual World Bank Conference Conference on Africa (ABCA 2016): Managing the Challenges and Opportunities of Urbanization in Africa, at Oxford University, June 13 to 14, 2016.

ONDAKA Numéro 1606 2016

Wednesday, 1 June, 2016

As crianças da província do Huambo pedem fim a todo tipo de violência contra menores, e apelam no mesmo sentido aos governantes a trabalharem afincadamente, com vista a diminuir também os conflitos nos lares.
O apelo consta de uma mensagem lida durante o acto provincial comemorativo do 16 de Junho, dia da criança africana, celebrado na quinta-feira, em cerimónia orientada pelo vice-governador para o Sector Político e coordenador do Conselho Provincial da criança, Guilherme Tuluca.
Encontro recomendou igualmente o reforço do abastecimento de água potável e do fornecimento
de energia eléctrica, para a melhoria das condições de vida e do bem-estar das famílias, em
particular dos menores

ONDAKA Numéro 1605 2016

Sunday, 1 May, 2016

A valorização e o reforço das competências das famílias requer a conjugação de
esforços entre os actores sociais, com vista a consolidação do desenvolvimento
harmonioso da sociedade, considerou o vice-governador da província para o sector
político e social, Guilherme Tuluca, na abertura do XVII Conselho Provincial da Família.
O governante referiu que o país vive uma crise de valores éticos, morais e cívicos no seio das famílias, por inerência de perda de importantes figuras de referência e da rotura dos sistemas de organização social tradicional, hábitos e costumes que sempre configuraram as comunidades.

BOLETIM INFORMATIVO DO PNUD ANGOLA

Sunday, 1 May, 2016

O Executivo Angolano tem sido um excelente parceiro do PNUD. Isto é muito relevante no contexto do trabalho conjunto em torno da Agenda de Desenvolvimento 2030 e
do Processo de graduação de Angola” Glenda Gallardo, Conselheira Económica do PNUD em Angola. Equipa do PNUD: Como estão a ser implementadas as actividades de domesticação dos ODS por Angola? Glenda Gallardo: Angola ratificou o seu compromisso com os Objectivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS) na Cimeira
do ano passado, juntamente com outras nações do mundo. A Agenda dos ODS é uma Agenda muito abrangente com 17 objectivos, 169 metas e 231 indicadores. Portanto, é
fundamental para o país fazer uma priorização das metas e indicadores dos ODS focando-se no curto, médio e longo prazo.

Internet Development in Angola: Our Contribution

Silvio Cabral Almada & Haymée Pérez Cogle
Wednesday, 13 April, 2016

This paper written by Silvio Cabral Almada and Haymée Pérez Cogle follows the development of the Internet in Angola from 1989 to 2006, including Development Workshop's pivotal role this process starting with AngoNet, the first initiative of electronic mail in Angola and eventually cumulating with the introduction of Full Internet access.

ONDAKA Numéro 1604 2014

Friday, 1 April, 2016

O líder da extinta seita religiosa “A luz do mundo”, José Julino Kalupeteka foi condenado a 28 anos de prisão maior pela autoria moral de 9 homicídios qualificados consumados, 8 homicídios qualificados frustrados, desobediência, resistência, e danos materiais.
A leitura da sentença pôs fim ao processo querela 141/2015, em que estão arroladas provas do crime ocorrido na aldeia Caluei, município de Cunhinga, província do Bié, e no Monte Sumi, município da Caála, província do Huambo.

Angolan National Report for Habitat III

Friday, 11 March, 2016

In the Habitat Agenda adopted in 1996, heads of state and governments committed themselves to two main goals, i.e., “Adequate Shelter for All” and “Sustainable Human Settlements in an Urbanizing World”, and to implement a plan of action based on these goals. In the Millennium Declaration, heads of state and governments committed themselves to improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020. They also committed themselves to halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without adequate sustainable access to drinking water and basic sanitation.

Relatório Nacional de Angola para o Habitat III

Friday, 11 March, 2016

O Relatório Nacional de Angola para o Habitat III tem como referência os anos de 1996 (Aprovação da Agenda Habitat II em Istambul), 2002 (Alcance da paz efectiva em Angola) e 2008 (Lançamento do Programa Nacional do Urbanismo e Habitação), para monitorar os progressos alcançados pelo país no cumprimento das metas estabelecidas na Agenda Habitat II.

ONDAKA Numéro 1603 2016

Tuesday, 1 March, 2016

O vice-governador do Huambo para o sector político e social, Guilherme Tuluca, defendeu o fortalecimento dos laços de igualdade, irmandade e companheirismo entre homens e mulheres, em prol do bem comum.
Ao discursar no acto provincial do 08 de Março, Dia Internacional da Mulher, Guilherme Tuluca considerou que, sendo a mulher a fonte e sustentadora da vida, é fundamental haver uma
empatia entre os dois géneros nos lares e em vários sectores sociais.

Vulnerabilidade, Resiliencia Ambiental e Adaptacao dos Assentamentos em Benguela

Tuesday, 1 March, 2016

A população Benguela tem aumentado rapidamente nas últimas décadas. A maioria dos recém-chegados ocuparam terras de baixo custo, onde há um risco de inundação e erosão. As condições sócio-económicas são um desafio nessas zonas habitacionais de baixa renda. Chuvas irregulares e intensas frequentemente levam a inundações. As alterações climáticas podem resultar em inundações mais frequentes e intensas, e elevação do nível do mar vai representar mais riscos para Benguela.

Opportunities for Angola's New Urbanism

Allan Cain
Monday, 15 February, 2016

The significant delivery of housing by the State during the last decade, totalling 172,575 units until the end of 2015, has not only satisfied an important segment of the middle-class and better-paid civil servants but also created high expectations from lower-paid workers and the economically active urban poor who also seek to benefit from subsidised social housing. The un-met demand for housing at the bottom of the pyramid is emerging as an important driver of the housing economy.

ONDAKA Numéro 1602 2016

Tuesday, 2 February, 2016

A província do Huambo registou mais de 48 casos de febre amarela tendo 16 deles deles resultado em óbitos, até no inicio da segunda quinzena do mês Fevereiro, do ano em curso. por essa razão foram apresentadas aos membros do Governo da província, as medidas a contenção da doença durante a primeira sessão ordinária do conselho provincial de auscultação e concertação social

The Circuitries of Spectral Urbanism: Looking Underneath Fantasies in Luanda’s New Centralities

Monday, 1 February, 2016

The study of Africa’s new developments and satellite cities has been mostly led under the fundamentally aesthetic typology of ‘urban fantasies’. This provides important elements for a critique of how speculative idioms have been tainting contemporary forms of urban development across the continent, but it does not allow us to apprehend them as modes of city making with particular histories, practices and toolkits. This article leans on the Angolan example to contend with that typology. Drawing on an in-depth study of urban development in contemporary Luanda and its relationship with the Angolan oil complex, it does so in three moments. First, it presents a brief overview of what, in the recent years, has become one of the leading ways of critically assessing urban worlding projects in the African context. Second, it uses an introductory viewpoint into Luanda’s ‘new centralities’ project to contribute towards an improved and more nuanced understanding of what underpins and constitutes the envisioned futures of African cities. And third, it reconsiders and fine-tunes some of the main premises on which the study of Africa’s emerging forms of urban development has been carried out thus far.

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